Celebrating the music of John Williams, the Mozart of our time
The film score is a powerful creation. While you may have forgotten the character names and precise plot of Steven Spielberg’s Jaws, chances are you can hum the ominous tune that signaled an imminent attack by the bloodthirsty shark.
Such bold and original music elevates a film by strengthening the emotional impact of scenes and help us better remember them after leaving the cinema—like a sonic postcard, a memento.
John Williams, one of the most prolific and accomplished American film composers, is the mastermind behind the film score for Jaws and more than 100 others, including the Star Wars, Jaws, Indiana Jones, and Harry Potter franchises. His legacy also includes fanfares, themes, and celebratory anthems for the likes of NBC’s Meet the Press, Sunday Night Football, the Olympics, and the Statue of Liberty’s centennial.
Williams recently celebrated his 90th birthday, and orchestras around the world, including the Billings Symphony, are paying tribute to his career, which spans seven decades and counting.
“He has written the soundtrack of our lives,” said the conductor Gustavo Dudamel, a friend. “When we listen to a melody of John’s, we go back to a time, to a taste, to a smell. All our senses go back to a moment.”
The Billings Symphony presents the music of John Williams in two concerts on Saturday, March 12 at 7:30 p.m. and a Sunday, March 13 matinee at 2 p.m. Both shows take place at the Alberta Bair Theater and feature choirs from Skyview and Lockwood high schools and Antonio Jarvey.
Among the hits to be performed include music from the beloved films E.T., Jaws, Jurassic Park, Harry Potter, Indiana Jones, as well as emotionally impactful music from Saving Private Ryan, Angela’s Ashes, The Patriot, and more.
A storied background
In the 1970s, Williams’ work caught the attention of aspiring filmmaker Steven Spielberg, who was searching for someone who could write like the previous generation of Hollywood composers: Erich Wolfgang Korngold (The Adventures of Robin Hood, 1938), Max Steiner (Gone with the Wind, 1939), Dimitri Tiomkin (High Noon, 1952), Bernard Herrmann (Psycho, 1960).
“Williams knows how to write a tune, and he knows how to support that tune with compelling and complex arrangements,” Spielberg once explained. “I hadn’t heard anything of the likes since the old greats.”
John Williams signature grandiose, “compelling and complex” orchestral scores are rooted in neoromanticism—a return to the structure and style of the Romantic era (1780–1910) of music with its large orchestras, elaborate harmonic progressions, and thematic preoccupation with nature and the past. All this enables him to draw out a wide range of emotions—tragedy, magnificence, sadness, foreboding, adventure—to immerse the audience in the world being played out on screen.
Williams makes great use of leitmotifs—short, recurring musical phrases linked to a particular person, place or idea—to influence the emotions of an audience in both subtle and overt ways, often expressing more about character triumph and turmoil than the most elaborate dialog:
- Jaws: Far from the more cerebral music Spielberg had in mind, Williams opted for two “brainless” notes to “grind away at you, just as a shark would do, instinctual, relentless, unstoppable.” Spoiler alert: When you next watch the film, pay attention to when the leitmotif does and does not appear.
- Harry Potter: Written before the film for the trailer, this glimmering motif for Hedwig the Owl also captures the creative and capricious nature of magic and became the unofficial theme for the entire franchise.
- Star Wars: Out of the 60+ leitmotifs Williams crafted for the multi-film space saga, Luke Skywalker’s theme is Star Wars in a musical nutshell. (Which, incidentally, you can hear at just about every BSO concert … whenever principal horn John Dutton tunes.)
- E.T.: At first threatening and ominous, E.T.’s leitmotif evolves into something familial as the bond between alien and boy develops. Until then, really only hinted at, the theme becomes part of the dialog, open and expansive, during the duo’s nighttime bicycle ride.
- Raiders of the Lost Ark: If adventure has a theme, it must be Indiana Jones. When Williams presented Spielberg with two options, the director simply replied, “Why not use both?” And, so he did, giving us the Raider’s March—the embodiment of both the adventurer and the film.
Sure, a motion picture may say a million words, but it’s the film score that sends you home whistling.
Written by Lisa Bollman, the principal second violin and librarian for the Billings Symphony Orchestra & Chorale. She periodically escapes her obsession with page turns, punctuation, and down—or is that up?—bows, by cooking, traveling, and trying to make sense of the rules of ice hockey. (Go, Avs!)